How to Train a Field Spaniel Dog Puppy

Field Spaniels are a relatively rare breed of dog originally developed in the United Kingdom for flushing gamebirds. They are known for being intelligent, loyal and eager to please. When choosing a Field Spaniel puppy, look for one from a reputable breeder that has had health and genetic testing performed on the parents. You'll want a pup that is curious, playful and not overly shy or aggressive towards people or other dogs.

Make sure you meet the puppy's parents if possible to get an idea of temperament and appearance. Field Spaniel puppies should be sturdy, muscular dogs with medium-long silky coats in liver and white or black and white. Their elongated heads give them a regal appearance. Go with a breeder that socializes pups and starts crate and house training early.

Preparing Your Home

Before bringing home your Field Spaniel puppy, prepare your house to make the transition easier on both of you. Puppy-proof any areas where the dog will spend time by removing dangerous objects, covering exposed electrical cords, latching cupboards and securing household chemicals.

Designate a space like a crate or small room as your pup's personal, den-like area with bedding and toys. Stock up on appropriate food and dishes for your puppy's age and size. Items like a collar, leash, brush, nail clippers, dog shampoo and training treats will be essential.

Print out and post a schedule to follow for feeding, training, play and potty times. Try to stick closely to it for consistency. You'll also want to make sure you have cleaning supplies on hand for inevitable accidents as house training gets underway.

Picking Up Your Puppy

The big day has arrived and it's time to welcome your Field Spaniel puppy into your home! Make sure you have a pet carrier or secure restraint for your puppy's trip home. Keep the ride smooth and calm – this is likely your pup's first time away from the litter.

When you arrive, initially keep your puppy confined to their designated room or crating area with access to food, water, toys and bedding to help them adjust. Take them out frequently for potty breaks to start the house training process. Be patient and ready for accidents at first.

Gradually allow your pup to explore your home under close supervision over the first few days. Try to stick to your feeding and potty schedule. Lots of positive praise and treats will help your puppy learn the right habits and commands. Get ready for those adorable puppy antics!

Supplies for Puppy Raising

Here is a checklist of supplies you'll want to have on hand for raising your Field Spaniel puppy:

  • High quality puppy food and treats
  • Food and water bowls
  • Crate
  • Puppy pads for indoor potty training
  • Soft bedding and chew toys
  • Collar, leash and harness
  • Brush and nail clippers
  • Puppy shampoo
  • Pet stain and odor remover
  • Training treats
  • Puppy training pads
  • Dog gates
  • Enzyme spray for potty training
  • Interactive puzzle toys
  • Frozen Kongs or chew bones for teething
  • Puppy socialization checklist

Shop for puppy-sized versions of leashes, collars, dishes, crates, beds and toys. Stock up on potty training aids and cleaning products. Be prepared with training treats and mental stimulation toys. Investing in the right supplies will help your puppy's transition to your home.

House Training

House training a Field Spaniel puppy takes patience, consistency and positive reinforcement. Start by establishing a routine for regular potty breaks about every 1-2 hours. Praise and treat your puppy every time they go potty outdoors. Select a bathroom spot close to the door.

During breaks, use a command like "go potty" so they associate it with the action. Restrict access around your home until fully trained. Watch for pre-potty signals like circling or sniffing. Use an indoor potty spot or pads for young pups. If accidents happen, remain calm and clean thoroughly with an enzymatic cleaner.

Crate training also helps reinforce good potty habits. Puppies won't want to soil their sleeping area. Confine them for short periods and take them out immediately when the crate door opens. Reduce access to rooms slowly as training progresses. With diligent supervision and routines, your clever Field Spaniel will catch on.

Crate Training

Crate training utilizes a dog's natural instinct to seek out safe, enclosed dens. It assists with potty training and gives your Field Spaniel a personal space. Select a crate big enough for your puppy to stand, turn and lie down in. Place familiar bedding inside along with a few safe chew toys.

Introduce your puppy to the crate with treats, praise and door open. Feed your puppy their meals inside the crate with the door open so they associate it with positive rewards. Once they are comfortable going in voluntarily, start closing the door for very short periods of time. Build up the duration gradually.

If your puppy whines or fusses, wait until they settle before letting them out. Always take them directly outside to potty after confinement. The crate should never be used punitively. Reward calm behavior in the crate with treats and praise. A positive introduction sets the foundation for crate training success.

Socializing Your Field Spaniel Puppy

Early socialization is crucial for developing a well-adjusted, friendly Field Spaniel. Once fully vaccinated, start introducing your puppy to new places, people, and other animals in positive contexts with lots of treats and praise. Invite friends over regularly so they get accustomed to guests. Arrange controlled play sessions with neighbor dogs you know are vaccinated and friendly. Attend puppy kindergarten classes for structured socialization if available in your area. Avoid dog parks and crowed public places until they have all their shots. Be patient and let your puppy approach new experiences at their own pace. With time and consistency, your clever Field Spaniel will thrive in any environment.

Basic Obedience Training

Field Spaniels are highly intelligent, eager to please dogs who excel at obedience training. Establish yourself firmly as pack leader early on by being consistent with commands and rules. Keep training sessions brief and upbeat with lots of rewards for good behavior. Master basic cues like "sit", "stay", "come" and "down" through luring and repetitions. You can move on to walking on a loose leash, longer stays and tricks like rolling over once they respond reliably to the basics. Field Spaniels often take well to agility training and advanced obedience work. Their deep desire to work with their owner makes training an enjoyable activity you'll look forward to each day. Invest the time early on, and you'll have a wonderful companion for life.

Exercise Needs

As an active sporting breed, Field Spaniels require a good amount of daily exercise and mental stimulation. Puppies should only exercise moderately to avoid injury to growing joints and bones. Take your puppy on several shorter walks per day and have play sessions in a securely fenced area. Interactive toys and training games will also help expend puppy energy. Monitor your puppy for signs of overexertion like lagging, panting or limping. Adult Field Spaniels need at least 60-90 minutes of energetic activity per day plus play time. They particularly excel at field work, agility and other canine sports that challenge their intelligence. With proper outlets for their energy, Field Spaniels are wonderful house companions the rest of the time. Monitor their weight, provide routine vet care, and your dog will thrive.

Grooming Needs

The medium-long silky coat of the Field Spaniel requires regular brushing and trimming. Brush your puppy frequently with a pin brush and metal comb to prevent mats and tangles. Introduce them slowly to brushing starting with short positive sessions. Check their fur after play for any sticks or debris.

As an adult, a Field Spaniel will need brushing 2-3 times per week minimum. Trim the feathering on ears, tail, legs and belly periodically for neatness. Take care not to clip the coat too short which can damage its texture.

Bath your Field Spaniel every 4-6 weeks using a mild dog shampoo. Monitor their faces and ears for signs of infection. Clean inside folded ears gently with a veterinarian approved solution. Trim nails as needed, usually every 2-3 weeks. Make grooming a gradual, patient process and your dog will learn to enjoy this bonding time with you.

Nutrition Tips

Proper nutrition is vital for your Field Spaniel puppy during their first year of rapid growth and development. Feed a high-quality commercial or raw diet formulated specifically for puppies. Portion sizes will be provided on the packaging or by your veterinarian based on projected adult weight. Divide meals into 3-4 portions daily for young puppies.

Always have fresh water available. Avoid overfeeding treats and monitor weight. Switch gradually over to adult dog food at around 12 months old after spay/neuter. Adults do well with two meals daily. Discuss any diet or nutrition concerns with your veterinarian. With the right diet and exercise, your Field Spaniel will thrive for years to come.

Vet Care Essentials

Caring for your Field Spaniel puppy's health begins with an established relationship with a trusted veterinarian. Schedule an introductory vet exam within a few days of bringing them home or sooner for any health concerns. Discuss your puppy's vaccinations schedule – they will need a series of shots over the first 16 weeks for protection against contagious diseases. Arrange for spay/neuter at around 6 months old.

Yearly vet exams, heartworm tests and preventatives are vital for adult Field Spaniels. Brush their teeth regularly and monitor for dental issues. Keep flea, tick and parasite prevention current. Watch for ear infections, skin irritation and lameness that needs prompt vet attention. With good preventative care and nutrition, Field Spaniels typically enjoy excellent health into their early teens.

Puppy Proofing Your Home

Curious Field Spaniel puppies can get into all sorts of mischief! Here are some tips for puppy proofing your home:

  • Keep trash and toxic substances locked away and out of reach. Use child locks if needed.

  • Secure loose electrical cords and wires. Don't leave charging cables dangling.

  • Latch cupboards and doors to the pantry, laundry room, basement, etc.

  • Place breakable decor up high on stable surfaces. Avoid poisonous houseplants.

  • Cover sharp edges on furniture with corner protectors.

  • Keep shoes, clothing and linens out of reach of chewing puppies.

  • Secure televisions, speakers and other valuable electronics.

  • Eliminate tripping hazards like rugs and clutter in main walkways.

  • Invest in pet gates to restrict access to some spaces.

  • Ensure your fenced yard has no holes and latches firmly. Check for poisonous plants and objects.

Reevaluate proofing frequently as your clever puppy grows! Prevention is the best way to avoid destruction. Provide plenty of safe, durable chew toys to divert puppy chewing instincts.

Common Health Problems

Field Spaniels are generally a sturdy, healthy breed but can be prone to a few health conditions to be aware of:

  • Ear Infections: Floppy ears trap moisture. Monitor ears regularly for signs of infection like discharge, odor or redness. Clean ears weekly.

  • Hip Dysplasia: Genetic condition causing hip joint malformation. Keep puppy lean to reduce risk. Select healthy screened parents.

  • Hypothyroidism: Low thyroid hormone levels. Can cause lethargy, obesity and hair loss. Supplements can manage it.

  • Allergies: Both food and environmental allergies may cause itchy skin or ear issues. Limit exposure to triggers.

  • Eye Issues: Entropion, cataracts and progressive retinal atrophy can affect vision. Catch issues early.

Discuss any concerns with your vet to minimize risks. With attentive care, your Field Spaniel can enjoy excellent health and mobility.

Dealing With Puppy Biting

Puppy biting is normal but unwanted behavior that takes training and patience to correct. Start by always having appropriate chew toys on hand to redirect biting instincts onto instead of your hands and ankles. Any interactions that encourage biting like wrestling should be avoided.

When your puppy starts to mouth or nip, give a firm "No!", substitute a chew toy and praise them for taking that instead. If they continue, stand up and walk away to show play stops when biting starts. Avoid yelling or physical discipline as that can make behavior worse.

Be consistent with this approach and they will learn. Keep children and strangers from engaging in rough play. A reverse time out by leaving teaches the pup that human interaction stops with biting. Some puppies grow out of this stage faster than others with diligent training.

Managing Separation Anxiety

Field Spaniels form close bonds with their owners and separation anxiety is common. Symptoms like destructive behavior, elimination and loud vocalizing when left alone must be managed carefully. Begin conditioning your puppy early to short absences of a few minutes to start. Provide stuffed chew toys for comfort and distraction. Maintain normal routines around departures and greetings.

Never make a fuss over anxious behaviors. Punishment will only increase distress. Instead, reward calmness before leaving with praise or treats. Take departures and homecomings in stride. Avoid confinement methods that cause anxiety like closing them in a crate. Consider hiring a dog walker or providing daycare to ease separation woes. In extreme cases, speak to your vet about anti-anxiety medications and training. Patience and incremental progress are key to reducing separation stress long-term.

Training Benefits

Investing the time in training your Field Spaniel puppy has immense long-term benefits including:

  • A better behaved, socialized dog
  • Improved manners around other pets and strangers
  • Less stress for both dog and owner
  • Trust and solid communication skills
  • Reinforcing important safety rules
  • Mental stimulation and engagement
  • Preventing nuisance behaviors from developing
  • Laying the groundwork for more advanced training

Choose positive reinforcement methods and be patient. Field Spaniels excel at agility, obedience trials and field work. But even pets only partaking in basic at-home training will bond closely with family and be happier, secure dogs. Training is an essential component of responsible pet ownership.

First Year Puppy Expenses

Adding a Field Spaniel puppy to your family involves some initial expenses. Budget approximately for:

  • Purchase price from breeder: $1000 to $2000

  • Spay/neuter procedure: $300 to $500

  • Microchipping: $50 to $100

  • Initial vaccinations: $75 to $200

  • Training treats and toys: $50 to $150

  • Leash, collar, bowls, bed: $50 to $200

  • House training supplies: $100 to $300

  • Dog crate: $100 to $300

  • First year routine vet care: $400 to $700

Remember to factor in ongoing costs for food, treats, preventatives, medical care, supplies and licensing. Pet insurance can offset surprise vet bills. Overall, be prepared to spend $1500 to $3000 in first year costs for your puppy. The joy of a well-trained Field Spaniel is priceless!

Choosing a Veterinarian

Selecting the right veterinarian for your Field Spaniel puppy is an important decision. Start by asking trusted dog-owning friends for recommendations of vets they are happy with. Make sure the vet you select has experience with spaniels and up to date facilities. Arrange to meet vet candidates before your puppy's first visit so you can discuss care approaches. Look for a vet that takes time answering questions and explains things clearly. Visit the office to check cleanliness, friendliness of staff and how busy they are. Compare pricing between a few practices for services like exams, vaccinations, and spay/neuter procedures. Go with the vet you have the best rapport with to establish a long term relationship based on trust and good communication.

Signs of a Healthy Puppy

How do you know if your Field Spaniel puppy is healthy? Signs to look for include:

  • Active and energetic when awake
  • Good appetite and interest in food
  • Shiny coat and bright eyes
  • Cold, moist nose
  • Clear eyes and ears with no discharge
  • Healthy skin and coat with no bald patches
  • Firm stool with no diarrhea or constipation issues
  • No persistent coughing or sneezing
  • Walks and runs without stiffness or limping
  • Responds normally to human interaction and touch

Weigh your puppy regularly and keep track of their growth. Discuss any concerns with your veterinarian promptly. With attentive care and preventatives, your intelligent Field Spaniel will thrive for years to come.

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